The Ministry of Education issued the Guidelines for evaluating the quality of Nursery education to see what the evaluation indicators are

2022-09-23 0 By

According to statistics, in 2020, the number of children in kindergartens for three years in China is 48.183 million.At present, all in different forms in the wang quality assessment, but for a long time, there is “heavy light process” results “heavy hardware light connotation” and so on, in order to solve these problems, the Ministry of Education recently issued by the conservation of the kindergarten education quality assessment guide “(hereinafter referred to as the assessment guide), drive around a sound scientific kindergarten conservation education quality evaluation system.The evaluation Guide puts forward 15 key indicators and 48 key points in five aspects, including kindergarten direction, conservation and safety, education process, environment creation and teacher team.Efforts should be made to improve and optimize the evaluation methods from three aspects: highlighting the process evaluation, focusing on class observation and strengthening self-evaluation, so as to improve the scientific, effective and operational evaluation work.The guideline focuses on the quality of the nursery education process, and it is forbidden to evaluate the quality of nursery education by directly measuring children’s ability and development level.Abandon the “data input” type assessment Emphasis on not less than half of continuous observation in the past, in the process of evaluation, some local focus mainly on the material preparation, see information, tour problem is outstanding, the special emphasis on the assessment guide on the class observation time, not less than half of natural observation in a row, on the observation coverage,Emphasis should be placed on not less than one-third of the total number of classes for each age group to ensure a comprehensive, objective and true understanding of the process and quality of kindergarten nursery education and improve the effectiveness of evaluation.It also puts forward that through the professional judgment of the interaction between teachers and children in the class and the concept and behavior of the teaching staff in the implementation process of education and education, the concrete implementation of the Guidelines for the Learning and Development of children aged 3-6 and the Guidelines for Kindergarten Education are emphatically investigated.The evaluation Guide also emphasizes that self-evaluation should be taken as a normal means to improve teachers’ professional ability. Through in-depth participation of teachers and staff, kindergarten should establish a benign development mechanism of self-diagnosis, reflection and improvement, as well as external evaluation and incentive guidance, so as to effectively change the concept and behavior of principals and teachers and improve their practical ability of kindergarten education.In terms of the assessment content, the Assessment Guide puts forward a series of key indicators and examination points. Among them, it proposes that primary school curriculum content should not be taught in advance, and unrealistic characteristic courses should not be carried out.To formulate and implement a physical exercise plan suitable for children’s physical development, and ensure that the time for outdoor activities is not less than 2 hours and the time for physical activities is not less than 1 hour every day;(b) Pay attention to children with special needs and, wherever possible, create conditions for their participation in class activities and provide necessary care;Help children to establish a reasonable routine of life, develop good living habits;According to the actual situation of the kindergarten and class, make scientific and reasonable class education plan every semester and every week;Pay attention to the scientific connection between young and young, the next semester of the big class to take a variety of forms, targeted to help children do a good job of physical and mental, life, society and learning and other aspects of preparation, the establishment of a positive expectation and yearning for primary school, promote the smooth transition of children.In the process of education, it is emphasized that teachers are good at finding various accidental educational opportunities, able to grasp the interesting or meaningful problems and situations in activities, able to identify children’s active learning in new ways and give effective support.The evaluation Guide also proposes that the size and class size of kindergartens should comply with relevant national and local regulations, and the indoor and outdoor spatial layout should be rationally planned and flexibly adjusted to meet the needs of children’s play activities to the maximum extent.Kindergarten equipped with picture books in line with the characteristics of children’s age and cognitive level, the number of per capita not less than 10 books, each class not more than 5 copies, and timely adjustment and update according to the need.No physical punishment and other harmful behaviors to children’s physical and mental health Pay attention to the effectiveness of daily care in the teacher team, requiring the staff to do not discriminate, insult, corporal punishment or disguised corporal punishment and other harmful behaviors to children’s physical and mental health.Principals should have more than five years of working experience as kindergarten teachers or kindergarten management.In the incentive mechanism, highlight the effect of daily conservation education practice, overcome the tendency of only subject, only paper.The Ministry of Education also required local governments to improve evaluation standards and compile self-evaluation manuals for kindergarten education quality to ensure the effective implementation of evaluation.In terms of assessment cycle, kindergartens are required to carry out self-assessment every semester, and county-level supervision assessment is required to carry out external assessment every 3-5 years according to the number of kindergartens under its jurisdiction and work needs, so as to ensure that all kindergartens are covered within each cycle, and provincial and municipal governments are required to carry out spot checks based on actual conditions.In addition, all localities are required to provide necessary funds and establish professional evaluation teams to ensure the smooth implementation of the evaluation work.Watch the full assessment guide – kindergarten conservation education quality evaluation guidelines for the further implementation of the national education conference spirit, accelerate to establish and perfect the system of education evaluation, promote the development of high quality pre-school education, according to the central committee of the communist party of China and the State Council “about several opinions of the development of preschool education to deepen reform specification and the general scheme of deepening the reform of new times education evaluation” spirit,Develop this guide.A, general requirements (a) the guiding ideology to xi jinping, the new times the thought of socialism with Chinese characteristics as a guide, fully implement the party’s education policy, the implementation of khalid ents fundamental task, follow the laws of early childhood development and education, perfecting in order to promote children’s physical and mental health development as the guidance of preschool education quality evaluation system, to reverse the unscientific evaluation guidance, strengthen the evaluation results using,We will promote the establishment of a scientific concept of nursery education, comprehensively improve the level of nursery education in kindergartens, and lay a solid foundation for training socialist builders and successors who are morally, intellectually, physically, aesthetically, aesthetically, and artistically.1. Keep to the right direction.Adhere to the socialist direction of kindergarten management, practice the mission of educating people for the Party and the country, establish a scientific evaluation orientation, promote the construction of a scientific nursery education system, and improve the overall level of kindergarten management and nursery education quality.2. Put children first.Respect children’s age characteristics and growth rules, pay attention to the integrity and continuity of children’s development, adhere to the combination of education and education, with games as the basic activities, effectively promote children’s physical and mental health development.3. Stick to scientific assessment.We should improve the evaluation content, highlight the key points of evaluation, improve the evaluation method, and effectively reverse the tendency of valuing results over process, hardware over content, and other evaluation over self-evaluation.4. 4. Smart TrashcanWe should give full play to the guidance, diagnosis, improvement and incentive functions of evaluation, pay attention to the process and development evaluation, guide and run every kindergarten well, and promote the safe and high-quality development of kindergartens.Ii. The evaluation content is guided by the promotion of children’s physical and mental health and focuses on the quality of kindergarten care education process. The evaluation content mainly includes 5 aspects, including kindergarten management direction, conservation and safety, education process, environment creation and teacher team, with 15 key indicators and 48 key points of examination.(I) The direction of the park.Including the party building work, moral enlightenment and scientific concept of three key indicators, to promote the kindergarten to fully implement the Party’s education policy, implement the fundamental task of moral education, strengthen the role of the Party organization fighting fortress, establish scientific conservation education concept, to ensure the correct direction of the park.2. Conservation and safety.It includes three key indicators of health care, living care and safety protection, aiming to promote kindergartens to strengthen diet and nutrition, disease prevention, health examination and other work, establish reasonable living routine, strengthen the staffing of medical and health care personnel, safety guarantee and system implementation, and ensure children’s life safety and physical and mental health.(3) Educational process.It includes three key indicators, including activity organization, teacher-child interaction and home co-education. It aims to promote kindergarten to adhere to the basic activity of games, understand and respect children and support their meaningful learning, strengthen home co-education, and constantly improve the quality of nursery education.(4) Environment creation.Including space facilities, toy materials and other two key indicators, it aims to encourage kindergartens to actively create a rich, suitable, playful and conducive to supporting children’s learning and exploration of the educational environment, equipped with a sufficient number of diverse play AIDS and picture books, effectively support the scientific implementation of conservation education.(5) Teachers.Including four key indicators of teacher ethics, staffing, professional development and incentive mechanism, it aims to promote the kindergarten to strengthen teacher ethics, pay attention to the construction of teachers’ professional ability, improve the professional leadership of the principal, and take effective measures to encourage teachers to love their jobs and devote themselves to education.Three, evaluation method (a) focus on process evaluation.Focus on the quality of the process of nursery education and the efforts and improvement process of kindergartens to improve the level of nursery education. It is strictly forbidden to evaluate the quality of nursery education by directly measuring the ability and development level of children.(2) Strengthen self-assessment.Kindergartens should establish a normal self-assessment mechanism, promote the active participation of the staff, reflect on their own educational behavior through collective diagnosis, and put forward improvement measures.At the same time, the guidance and incentive role of external evaluation should be effectively played to guide kindergartens to constantly improve self-evaluation and improve conservation education.(3) Focus on class observation.Through at least half a day of continuous natural observation, understand the interaction between teachers and children, accurately judge the efforts and support of teachers to promote children’s learning and development, and comprehensively, objectively and truly understand the process and quality of kindergarten nursery education.Externally assessed class observations were randomly selected, covering no less than one third of the total number of classes at all ages.(1) Strengthening organizational leadership.Around kindergarten conservation education quality evaluation work, more attention must be paid as promote the development of preschool education quality, do a good job in the people’s satisfactory education, the important measures into the local important content to deepen reform of education evaluation, establish party committee leadership, government education supervision department to lead, organize and implement the mechanism of synergy and participating.All provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) should improve specific standards for local quality assessment based on the actual conditions, compile self-assessment guidance manuals for kindergarten nursery education quality, enhance the operability of quality assessment, and ensure the effective implementation of assessment.We will gradually coordinate the assessment of the quality of nursery care education in kindergartens with the existing assessment of local governments’ performance of their educational duties, the supervision and evaluation of universal access to preschool education, and the supervision and evaluation of kindergarten operations, so as to avoid repeated assessment and effectively reduce the inspection burden on grassroots and kindergartens.(2) Clear assessment cycle.Kindergartens carry out self-assessment every semester, and the education department should strengthen the guidance of nursery education and self-assessment in kindergartens.Based on the number of kindergartens and work needs, the county-level supervision evaluation should be conducted every 3-5 years in principle, ensuring that all kindergartens are covered within each period.Provinces and municipalities shall carry out appropriate spot checks based on their actual conditions, and the specific proportion of spot checks shall be determined by the provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government) themselves.(3) Strengthening evaluation guarantee.Local governments should provide necessary financial support for the quality assessment of nursery education and support evaluation studies.We need to strengthen the team construction, establish a respecting the rule of preschool education, conservation of familiar with kindergarten education practice, the dedication to work sense of responsibility is strong, relatively stable team of specialized assessment, assessment mainly by the superintendent, preschool education administrative personnel, teaching staff, director, backbone teachers, etc, strengthen the professional capacity building in assessment.Strengthen the study and training of this guide, promote kindergarten principals and teachers to consciously use this guide for self-reflection and improvement, and constantly improve the level of conservation education.4. Focusing on incentives and guidance.All localities should take the evaluation results of kindergarten nursery education quality as an important basis for kindergarten commendation and reward, policy support, resource allocation, principal assessment, annual inspection of private parks, recognition and support of inclusive private parks, etc.Kindergartens that fail to perform their duties properly, violate relevant policies and regulations, violate the law of children’s physical and mental development, and continuously decline in the quality of childcare and education will be urged to make rectification in a timely manner, and will be held accountable in accordance with laws and regulations depending on the situation.It is necessary to actively promote local governments to fulfill their educational responsibilities through quality assessment of nursery education, and provide sufficient conditions and favorable policy environment for preschool education.(5) Create a good atmosphere.To widely publicized countries about preschool education reform and development of policies and measures to further interpret the kindergarten conservation education quality evaluation of the significance, content, requirement and index system of the typical experience summary popularizes advanced quality evaluation work earnestly, effective play a demonstration leading role, actively carry out international exchanges and cooperation, create a good atmosphere conducive to promoting the development of preschool education quality.Annex: Kindergarten nursery education quality assessment index audit: Yang Zhenrong, Editor: CAI Li Source: Ministry of Education new media “Micro education”, CCTV news