The Japanese reporter deliberately difficult: which country is the Diaoyu Islands, Deng Xiaoping’s clever response is admirable

2022-09-21 0 By

In October 1978, At the invitation of Japan, Deng Xiaoping took a special plane to pay a state visit in person.This is the first time that a Chinese leader has set foot on Japanese soil since the war between the two countries. It also means that the two countries have begun to put aside their conflicts and restore normal diplomatic relations.During his visit to Japan, Deng Was warmly received by the Japanese emperor.But there were also some people with ulterior motives who tried to sow discord between the two countries and make Deng xiaoping make a fool of himself during the visit.At a press conference, a reporter went so far as to poke a sore point between the two countries and ask Deng Xiaoping which country he thought the Diaoyu Islands should belong to.Some people gloated at Deng, ready to see him make a fool of themselves. Others felt nervous for Deng, thinking that this was a “dead end” and no matter how they answered it, it was inappropriate.But who knows Deng Xiaoping calmly nodded, then to this question to do patiently answer, his words just fell, the scene rang out a burst of thunderous applause, all people hit the bottom of their hearts to Deng Xiaoping feel admire.So what did Deng Xiaoping say?The Qing Government signed the Treaty of Shimonoseki and the two countries had constant disputes over Diaoyu Dao. Since the Ming and Qing Dynasties, Diaoyu Dao had been divided into Chinese territory and placed under the jurisdiction of Taiwan Province.At that time, Japan used the Ryukyu Islands as a shipping route to China, so the Diaoyu Islands were Korean territory from the beginning.However, after the Defeat of the Qing Government in the Sino-Japanese War in 1895, Japan forced the Qing Government to sign the Treaty of Shimonoseki and occupied “the whole Island of Taiwan and its affiliated islands”, thus ceding Diaoyu Dao to Japan.It was not until 1945, when China, the United States and Britain jointly issued the Cairo Declaration, that Japan returned all of our territory it had taken from us after occupying the islands for a total of 50 years.But trying to get something back from bandits is bound to be controversial.What really caused the dispute between the two countries was that after the founding of New China, the United States and other Western countries imposed political blockade, economic blockade and diplomatic blockade on China, trying to make China’s development plan “stillborn”.At the same time, they started making moves in Taiwan and the Diaoyu Islands.In 1951, the United States arbitrarily divided the Diaoyu Island and its adjacent islands into the Ryukyu Islands.However, in May 1969, under the instructions of the United States, a large number of Marine police and engineering troops from Yaeyama Island Miyagi Prefecture, Okinawa Prefecture of Japan, in spite of China’s strong opposition, drove onto the Diaoyu Islands and set up “NATIONAL markers” in the form of cement pillars on the diaoyu Islands, and removed the traces left by China on the islands.They openly declared that “The Senkaku Islands (Diaoyu Islands)” are their territory and China has no right to interfere.Later, they included the Diaoyu Islands in the “air defense Identification Zone” of the Japanese Self-Defense Force and openly claimed the fishing station as their own.The following year, Japan wrote the islands directly into its statute book in an attempt to “justify” the violation of the treaty.At the same time, the United States is also “secretly obstructing”, trying to break the pot of dirty water to China in the international arena.In the face of Japan’s unreasonable act, the Chinese Foreign Ministry has repeatedly made statements, strongly condemning Japan’s act and reiterating China’s territorial sovereignty over the Diaoyu Island and its adjacent islands.It was not until Nixon’s visit to China in 1972 that the conflict was eased.There is no denying that Nixon’s visit to China really opened up China’s diplomatic situation at that time, and Japanese Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka followed his visit to China.During this period, he and Premier Zhou talked about the issue of the Diaoyu Islands, and Premier Zhou made it clear that at present, china-japan diplomatic relations have not been restored to normal, so this matter is put on hold for the time being, and we can discuss this issue later when the time is ripe.Tanaka Kakuei also smiled and nodded repeatedly.It was in this year that Diplomatic relations between China and Japan were formally established.Japanese leaders have since made several trips to China to try to bring the two countries closer.At that time, the two countries had planned to sign a treaty of friendship and cooperation, but the matter was delayed due to disputes over aviation and fisheries.In 1975, after China and Japan finally solved these problems with great difficulty, the Question of Taiwan resurfaced as an impassable gulf between the two countries.In order to sign the treaty of friendship and mutual assistance between the two countries as soon as possible, and restore the normal relations and development of the two countries, in 1978, Japan took the initiative to invite our country, invited our leaders to visit Japan.After careful consideration, the central leaders decided to accept Japan’s invitation this time.On October 22, 1978, deng Xiaoping, accompanied by his wife Zhuo Lin and Liao Chengzhi, president of the China-Japan Friendship Association, embarked on a special plane for Japan after making all the arrangements for his trip.At 2:44 PM on the day of Deng Xiaoping’s visit to Japan, deng xiaoping’s special plane landed at Japan’s Haneda Airport as promised. At this time, Japanese Foreign Minister Naoto Garden and others had been waiting at the airport for a long time.Before Deng Xiaoping could get down, Yueda naoji hurried into the plane and extended his right hand to Deng, extending a warm welcome to the leader of New China on his first visit to Japan.Deng Xiaoping got up and shook his hand with a smile on his face. “I still came.”Yueda Zhi also excitedly said: “your arrival brings us a rare sunny day.”Deng understood what he meant, referring not only to the sunny weather in Tokyo after a long period of rain, but also to a remark made to him by Foreign Minister Huang Hua during Yuanda’s visit to China.In August of the same year, when Foreign Minister Naoto Yueda arrived in Beijing to sign the Sino-Japanese Treaty of Peace and Friendship, it suddenly rained heavily in Beijing, where there had been no rain for a long time. Foreign Minister Huang Hua smiled and said to him, “You have brought us rain, thank you very much.”So yuan Tian Zhi’s words are also a warm welcome to Deng Xiaoping’s arrival.Then, at the invitation of Yuan Tian, Deng got off the plane and drove to akasaka Guest House to rest.Along the way, Deng Xiaoping and Yuanda naoshi chatted enthusiastically like old friends who had not seen each other for many years. Yuanda naoshi introduced to Deng Xiaoping the development of Japan in recent years with great interest, and also expressed the good vision of the friendly development of China and Japan.The next morning, Fukuda Takeo led more than 400 Japanese leaders to hold a grand welcome ceremony for Deng Xiaoping at the state guesthouse.In 1972, Premier Zhou promised Kakuei Tanaka, “I will definitely visit Japan as long as the two countries conclude a treaty of peace and friendship.”However, Premier Zhou died before a treaty of peace and friendship was signed between the two countries, so Deng came not only to restore relations between the two countries, but also to fulfill Premier Zhou’s last wish.At the welcoming ceremony, Deng Xiaoping made a speech for his visit to Japan, expressing his sincere joy over the restoration of normal relations between the two countries and his expectation for the friendly development of the two countries in the future.After the welcoming ceremony, Deng Xiaoping paid a courtesy call at Prime Minister Fukuda’s official residence under the guidance of Japanese staff.The two men spoke for nearly half an hour in Mr Fukuda’s office.During the dinner, Deng Xiaoping, according to Chinese etiquette, took out panda cigarettes from his arms and handed one to everyone present. For a while, the atmosphere in the office became relaxed and Deng Also took the lead in expressing his thanks to Japan for its invitation:”I am happy from the bottom of my heart that I have been hoping for so many years to visit Tokyo and get to know Prime Minister Fukuda.”After the talks, Deng Attended the exchange ceremony of the ratification documents of the Treaty of Peace and Friendship between China and Japan in the hall on the first floor of the prime minister’s residence, and the two raised a toast to the upcoming friendship between the two countries.It is worth mentioning that, as a gesture of friendship, Deng took the initiative to embrace Fukuda Takeo after putting down his wine glass. Fukuda was obviously caught off guard by deng’s warm gesture, which was a bit frantic and stiffly embraced.Deng then embraced Yuantianzhi in the same gesture, but Yuantianzhi did not react and had no place to put his hands.The reporters who were present could not help laughing, but also gave a warm applause for the historic moment.During his visit to Japan, Deng also visited the Emperor and his wife in the imperial palace. At that time, many Japanese leaders were very worried about this. After all, the Emperor of Japan had an inescapable responsibility in the Sino-Japanese War, and they feared deng would hold the emperor responsible for the war.But when the two men met in person, they found that such fears were misplaced. Instead of criticizing the Japanese emperor, Deng and Deng had a pleasant conversation and offered condolences to each other over dinner.Their meeting ended quickly in a festive atmosphere, with the emperor and his wife presenting Deng with a signed photo and a pair of silver vases with Japanese designs as souvenirs.Deng returned the favor with a painting of the Hundred Donkeys and an exquisitely embroidered screen, hoping the friendship would endure.Deng Xiaoping was warmly received by the Japanese government during his visit to Japan.However, the conflicts between China and Japan have been accumulated and deep-rooted for many years. Therefore, some people were dissatisfied with the resumption of diplomatic relations between China and Japan, and even tried to undermine the treaty of peace and friendship that the two countries signed after so many hardships.On the afternoon of November 25, Deng Xiaoping, dressed in a MAO suit, attended a press conference held by the Tokyo Press Club in Japan. The press conference was meant to clarify the significance of the anti-bullying clause in the Sino-Japanese Treaty of Peace and Friendship, strengthen the ties between the two peoples and deepen the cooperation between the two countries.But at this press conference, some people with ulterior motives tried to stir up the dispute between the two countries again.At the beginning of the reception, Deng first expressed his thanks for being invited to the meeting, and then said that the anti-hegemony principle is clearly stipulated in the Sino-Japanese Treaty of Peace and Friendship, which is of great significance in the current international situation.This is self-restraint for the two countries, but also opposition to others seeking hegemony. China will always adhere to the principle of anti-hegemony.When asked by Japanese reporters about sino-Japanese relations, Deng xiaoping was neither servile nor pushy:There is a lot of room for economic cooperation between China and Japan, and we need to learn a lot from Japan. We will also rely on Japan’s technology and financial support. China and Japan have signed a long-term trade agreement, and when China develops, we believe that the road between the two countries will be broader.Deng’s words brought the reception to a climax, and the crowd was overwhelmed by his style and magnanimity.However, just as other journalists were about to ask another question in this convivient atmosphere, a Japanese reporter suddenly asked: “What does Vice Chairman Deng think about the Senkaku Islands?What country do you think this island belongs to?”Before Deng Xiaoping’s visit to Japan, there was an agreement between the two countries that the diaoyu Islands issue should not be mentioned because it involves conflicts between the two countries and is detrimental to bilateral diplomatic relations.But now someone openly asked about the ownership of the Diaoyu Islands at a press conference.Deng xiaoping said in an interview at that time, the scene into a dead silence, obviously the other journalists also didn’t think someone will regardless of the provisions of the two countries, put forward the question, they secretly pinched the 1 in mind, while worry cause embarrassment couldn’t answer this question, deng xiaoping side is worried about the reporter.Who knows sitting on the stage of Deng Xiaoping not only did not have the slightest panic, but demeanor relaxed, very seriously answered this question.”Now that the question has been raised, LET me just briefly comment on my view. What you call the Senkaku islands, we call the Diaoyu Islands.Depending on the name, both sides have different views on the issue.As early as the negotiations between the two countries, we agreed not to touch on this issue for the time being. However, it is inevitable that some people would like to pick holes in these issues and block the development of bilateral relations.”Before Deng had finished speaking, the reporter who asked the question turned red and white, knowing that Deng was insinuating.Without waiting for the reporter to respond, Deng went on: “Now our two governments try to avoid this issue, it is wise for the two countries to resume normal exchanges.The next generation will always be smarter than us. Maybe they can find a way to solve this problem that everyone can accept.And we have the same view on the South China Sea.”Deng Xiaoping’s words just fell, the scene rang out a burst of thunderous applause, the hearts of the people can not help but send a sigh of relief, but also to Deng Xiaoping’s clever response feel heartfelt admiration.The next few days, Deng Xiaoping has visited the Japanese auto factory, TV factory and other factories, but also took the “guang-81” Shinkansen, eye-opening at the same time also had a general direction for the future development of new China.1978 was the year when China’s strategy changed dramatically. Since then, China has entered a stage of rapid development. Today, people’s living standard has almost developed from starvation to a well-off level.We believe that Under the leadership of our party, China will grow stronger and stronger.