The acute case fatality rate of cerebral hemorrhage is 30% to 40%. Sudden cerebral hemorrhage can be saved by doing this

2022-09-19 0 By

A few days ago, 48-year-old Li Shuilin, taihu County, Anqing City, Anhui Province, suffered a sudden cerebral hemorrhage while driving a bus.When he was about to lose consciousness, he tried his best to complete a series of emergency treatment and fell to his beloved bus driver post.Winter is the high hair season of cerebral haemorrhage, after occurrence cerebral haemorrhage, how should we do?The reporter interviewed Zhu Liangfu, director of cerebrovascular disease area of Henan Provincial People’s Hospital.Most cerebral hemorrhage patients before the onset of no obvious aura Zhu Liangfu introduction, cerebral hemorrhage, we often call “cerebral hemorrhage”.As the name suggests, it means bleeding in the brain.What need to explain is, the intracerebral hemorrhage that medical science says normally is to point to primary intracerebral hemorrhage, do not include hemorrhage inside traumatic brain tissue.The mortality rate of acute cerebral hemorrhage is 30%~40%, which is the highest among acute cerebrovascular diseases.The most common cause of cerebral hemorrhage is high blood pressure.Other etiologies include moyamoya disease, cerebral arteriovenous malformation, cerebrovascular amyloidosis, anticoagulant or thrombolytic therapy, and vascular invasion by primary or metastatic brain tumors.Zhu Liangfu said that the probability of cerebral hemorrhage is greater in middle-aged and elderly people with hypertension.Most people are in the activity, sudden exertion or emotional onset, most patients before the onset of no obvious symptoms, a few have dizziness, headache and limb weakness.Symptoms often reach their peak within a few minutes to a few hours after the onset, manifested as headache, vomiting, convulsions, severe or rapid progress will be unconscious, can have incontinence, fat or normal sleep snoring after cerebral hemorrhage often snoring phenomenon.Sudden cerebral hemorrhage to dial 120 as soon as possible if someone in the home cerebral hemorrhage, how to first aid?”The first thing we need to do is call ambulance 120, because cerebral hemorrhage is an emergency and cannot be observed at home.””The second thing is to observe whether the patient is conscious. If the patient is conscious, they should wait for the ambulance to arrive and avoid moving.If the patient is unconscious, measures should be taken to ensure airway patency: loosen the collar of the patient, take the side decubitus position, so that oral secretions can flow out spontaneously, and remove oral mucus, secretions and vomit to maintain airway patency.Once the patient is suffocated, the mouth should be cleaned as soon as possible and artificial respiration should be given to the patient.On the way to the hospital, try to maintain a smooth, avoid turbulence, at the same time pay attention to avoid emotional patients, because increased blood pressure will further aggravate cerebral hemorrhage, transport should also pay attention to observe the patient’s expression and consciousness changes.After admission, family members or passers-by who know the patient’s illness should describe the patient’s illness to the doctor.How to avoid cerebral hemorrhage?Zhu liangfu offers the following tips: Sticking to good living habits is the foundation.To live regularly, approaching the New Year, remind everyone to pay attention to work and rest on time, but also pay attention to low salt and low fat, smoking cessation and alcohol, optimistic, exercise, weight loss.Standardized control of hypertension is the key.It is suggested that regular physical examination and timely intervention should be carried out when high blood pressure, diabetes and other high risk factors are found.Patients with definite diagnosis of hypertension need standardized management of hypertension.For patients with clear causes of vascular malformation, the etiology should be treated as soon as possible on the premise of safe diagnosis and treatment.In addition, but also pay attention to a few points: adjust the state of mind.To timely relieve the mood, pay attention to mental health, in order to prevent large mood fluctuations.Prevent constipation.Drink plenty of water and make sure you get up in the morning with a cup of warm water.Eat coarse grain often, keep defecate unimpeded.If necessary, timely treatment of senna and kaiselu, at the same time to avoid squatting and forced defecation caused by elevated blood pressure.Keep warm.Exercise properly, keep warm, shake your head properly and avoid overexertion.Declaration: The copyright of this article belongs to the original author, if there is a source error or infringement of your legitimate rights and interests, you can contact us through the mailbox, we will promptly deal with.Email address: jpbl@jp.jiupainews.com