In 1953, There was a dispute between Nepal and China over the ownership of Mount Qomolangma, which was skillfully resolved by Chairman MAO

2022-09-07 0 By

In 1953, Nepal declared that Mount Everest belonged to its own country.The remark quickly caused a worldwide sensation and strained relations between China and Nepal.Some malicious countries want to take advantage of the situation and further aggravate the conflict.At this critical moment, fortunately, Chairman MAO stood up and put forward a solution to resolve the conflict skillfully, which not only crushed the enemy’s plot, but also enabled the continuation of china-Nepal friendly relations.So, how on earth did Chairman MAO deftly resolve conflicts?”Because the mountain is there.” The location of Mount Qomolangma is very special. It sits right on the border between China and Nepal, with the southern coordinates in Nepal, but the northern coordinates in China.As for the territory, no matter where it is, we will fight for every inch of it.China and Nepal had a long and complicated negotiation over the sovereignty of Everest.As the world’s highest peak, Mount Everest is so high, harsh and treacherous that even today it is difficult for trained mountaineers, even equipped, to reach the summit safely, let alone in the last century when technology was much less advanced.As early as 1923, British explorer George Mallory was asked by an American journalist why he wanted to climb Mount Everest. The explorer replied: “Because it’s there.”Even today, 100 years later, these words still inspire mountaineers, prompting them to challenge the lofty and perilous mountains again and again.But the man who said it, George Mallory, did not conquer Everest.A year later, in 1924, when he challenged the silent and dangerous mountain, he got lost in the snow and never came out.The loss of George Mallory has been a shock to would-be climbers, but it has not deterred them from trying to reach the summit.Everest is like an island in the clouds, mysterious, silent and charming standing in front of all people, silently attracting everyone.Every year there are still a large number of climbers to Mount Qomolangma challenge, until the last century in the 1950s, from New Zealand mountaineer Edmund Hillary with the help of nepalese guide Tenzing Norgay, from the relatively flat south face of the top of Qomolangma.This is the first time in the history of mankind to stand on the top of the highest mountain, and it is also the experience of man challenging nature and winning. It is of great significance, but at the same time, the Nepalese government has taken it as evidence and unilaterally declared that the world’s highest mountain belongs to Nepal.Nepal’s remarks are rather like “whoever first sees a piece of terra nullus, the sovereignty of this land belongs to the country”, and this kind of remarks actually shows very strong western colonial thought.At that time, the People’s Republic of China had just been founded, and the domestic situation was complicated. The dispute between China and Nepal over the sovereignty of Mount Qomolangma had not been settled yet.At this time, the new China’s priority was to safeguard its sovereignty and gain a firm foothold in the world.But Nepal and other countries hostile to the new China mistaking China’s attitude as weakness and constantly testing China’s bottom line.Naturally, China will not acknowledge such nonsense.In fact, China’s exploration and record of Mount Qomolangma is very early, even dating back to the Kangxi period of the Qing Dynasty.In 1708, during the reign of Emperor Kangxi, he sent people to the Qomolangma area for surveying and mapping, and recorded in the Emperor’s Geography Map, which is the earliest record about Qomolangma in history.At that time, Qomolangma Was named after Jumlang Ma Alin, which means “mountain” in Manchu, until 1952, when the Chinese government officially named it qomolangma.Thus, Mount Qomolangma has belonged to China since at least the reign of emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty.However, The Nepalese side does not recognize the evidence provided by China, but only one thing: “You say that Everest belongs to you, then why haven’t Chinese people reached the top of Everest?”This remark left us speechless and became a weak point in China’s border negotiations with Nepal because it was true that China had not yet reached the summit of Mount Everest.The border negotiations between China and Nepal over the ownership of Mount Qomolangma have stalled.Seeing this, some Western countries hostile to China see this as a good opportunity to take advantage of the situation and thoroughly intensify the contradictions between China and Nepal.At the critical moment, Chairman MAO, who had been following the negotiations, stepped forward.His appearance seemed to be a reassuring pill, immediately pacified all the Chinese representatives involved in the negotiations some impetuous and nervous heart.Chairman MAO thought that China and Nepal should not quarrel over a Mount Qomolangma. On the contrary, since Mount Qomolangma is located in such a special place on the border of China and Nepal, it would be better to let the world’s highest peak become a witness of friendship between China and Nepal.Chairman MAO’s solution was for the two countries to take a step back and divide Mount Everest “half in one country,” meaning that the southern peak would belong to Nepal and the northern peak would belong to China.This was indeed a good idea, and after hearing Chairman MAO’s proposal, the previously firm Nepali side had some internal discussions and softened their attitude, but there was also a condition that anyone who wanted to climb Mount Qomolangma would be granted a Nepali visa.This was a very excessive request, and the Chinese side did not comply.Then chairman MAO came up with a new proposal: Nepal would have to share ownership of The mountain with China if it were to reach the summit on the more perilous north side.It is already very, very difficult to climb Qomolangma from the relatively gentle south face, and the Nepalese side did not believe that China could reach the summit from the more steep north face, so they readily agreed to the Chinese proposal.The Chinese team began recruiting elite mountaineers in 1955.After five years of hard training, the team officially launched a challenge to “the world’s highest peak” in 1960.Why did our nation’s mountaineering team choose 1960 to Mount Qomolangma?That was because China was in the midst of three years of natural disasters, and the border negotiations over Everest were at a critical juncture.Climbing Mount Qomolangma in an extreme environment means not only that we are trying to conquer nature, but also that the whole process carries national interest and represents the will of the country.Team a total of 214 players to participate, these people from all over the country, and it is in all walks of life, have a plenty of workers, farmers, teachers, the people’s liberation army, have a plenty of cadres, also have engaged in scientific research work, including a third of the players is Tibetan, 11 are female, the average age of the entire team only 24 years old.At the time, however, many foreign countries did not believe China could make it to the summit, and there were some discording voices even at home.”Why do we have to climb mountains?Can you eat when you climb mountains?”The mountaineers had an answer: What hope is there for a nation of hundreds of millions of people who always worry about eating?In order to prepare the equipment for climbing, China bought all kinds of advanced mountaineering equipment and equipment from Switzerland at a cost of 4 million yuan. Together, the equipment weighs 6 tons.The team reached a height of 6,600 meters on their first attempt, set up a camp here, then went up and built a second one more than 7,000 meters down.At first, everything seemed to be going well, but as the team climbed to an altitude of 7,300 meters, they were hit by a huge ice storm.One of the climbers, Shao Ziqing, a teacher from Peking University, died after suffering extreme mountain sickness during the storm.With more than 50 others suffering frostbite of varying degrees, the first attempt was aborted.When feeling lost, the team gathered up their things and prepared to return to Lhasa, they suddenly received a phone call from Premier Zhou.At that time, Premier Zhou had just returned to Kunming after his visit to Myanmar. His first concern was the safety of the mountaineering team. As soon as he got off the plane, he asked where the mountaineering team had boarded.Not wanting to disappoint the country, they decided to try again.As commander in chief, Han Fudong, a PLA soldier, gathered all the members together to rearrange and redeploy their tasks.There are only 20 players left to continue because of injuries and other reasons.However, as the saying goes, “Soldiers are not too many, but the essence.” Finally, Han Fudong picked out the most suitable members of the team from the remaining 20 people, including a Fellow Tibetan, the son of serfs Gongbu.On their second attempt, they climbed to an altitude of 8,000 meters and continued to challenge for 8,500 meters.This new height was soon reached, but it was too high for the sun to shine, and there was snow that had not melted for hundreds of thousands of years. Every step the team took, they risked their lives trying.Gongbu, Wang Fuzhou, Liu Lianman and Qu Yinhua were the only remaining players.Liu lianman’s strength was almost exhausted and he could no longer advance with his teammates. However, there was a piece of ice with no point of strength in front of him. Liu lianman chose to climb on the ice without hesitation, providing a stepping stone for the other three players.After that, Liu sought shelter and waited for his teammates to return.With only a hundred meters to go, the Kampungs were running out of oxygen and marching forward by sheer force of will.Climbing seems to have become a habit, and when there is no hill to climb, they do not immediately react.The peak scenery of the first peak is incomparable beauty, but this beauty is not mentioned by others, only the three people are excited and in a hurry to find out the five-star red flag and chairman MAO plaster image.They didn’t even get a good picture of themselves at the summit, just picking up a few rocks from the top and taking them away.On May 25, 1960, the Chinese people climbed to the top of Mount Qomolangma for the first time. It was also the first time in human history that people successfully climbed to the top of Mount Qomolangma from the more perilous north face.The Chinese succeeded, leaving Nepal speechless and signing a border treaty with China on October 5, 1961, equitably dividing Mount Everest.On December 8, 2020, the leaders of China and Nepal exchanged letters, once again announcing to the world that the latest height of Mount Qomolangma is 8,848.86 meters.The spirit of Mount Qomolangma is the spirit of China. The mountaineers reflected the image of China as a “big country” who was not afraid of hardships and dangers, but also shattered the conspiracy of the Western world with ulterior motives.The reason why China can stand proudly in the world is because there are generations of determined souls behind it who dare to climb the “peak”.